History of Blackjack
Blackjack has a long and storied history but its origins are a debated topic even until this day. There is no clear consensus on who actually invented it or exactly when it was invented, but most will agree that it originated in French casinos around 1700. This game was called Ving-et-Un, which means twenty one. There were a couple common card games in France at the time, Chemin de Fer and French Ferme, which probably developed into Ving-et-Un. Others think that the game may have evolved from a Spanish game in which the basic rule was to reach 31 with three cards. Still others think that Blackjack was invented by the Romans, who were notorious gamblers, when they used wooden blocks with different numerical values (but this is a quite fuzzy theory with no real proof).
Ving-et-Un eventually spread from French casinos across the pond to North America. It was most likely brought by French colonists who introduced the game to English colonists. The game quickly increased in popularity and was soon played all over the continent. While the rules were very similar to modern blackjack, there were a few differences. Such as only the dealer being permitted to double and there being a betting round between each of the cards being dealt.
The game was originally called 21, but a special bet offered by casinos in the 1930s changed the name. The special was that casinos would make black jacks plus the ace of spades a 10-1 winner. The casinos later discontinued this payout scheme, but the name, blackjack, would stay.
Blackjack has evolved over time to become what it is today and is still evolving to this day. It is one of the most popular games at any casino and has a huge following on the internet.